First Coast High School NJROTC

Introduction to Drill

The following is an overview of drill to aid cadets in performing and understanding drill movements. Information is added to and summarized from the NJROTC Drill Manual, which can be found in the Cadet Field Manual (CFM).


Military drill is designed primarily as a way to move troops from one place to another in an orderly and controlled fashion. Some benefits of performing drill include:

Drill is also designed to be relatively simple and easy to learn. The following are a few terms that new cadets may be unfamilar with that are necessary to know about in order to properly understand drill:

Furthermore, commands for drill are seperated into four different types: preparatory commands, commands of execution, combined commands, and supplementary commands. Prepatory commands are commands that inform you that a movement is about to be executed and indicates the direction of the movement. The command of execution is what causes the movement to be executed. Combined commands combine both the prepatory and execution command into one. Supplementary commands are the most complex and involve the members of the unit being drilled to call their own commands for a movement.

Position of Attention

The most basic military position from which all other drill movements are executed from is the position of attention. While at the position of attention, your left heel is smartly brought to your right heel. Your feet should form a 45 degree angle from the point where your heels connect. Your legs are straight but not your knees are not locked*. Your body should be upright and not hunched over, with your head similarly erect and looking straight forward. Your arms are straight at your sides with your palms facing inwards towards your body, and your fingers are curled into a fist with your thumbs along the seam of your trousers and positioned as if you were holding a roll of quarters.

*It is important that you keep your knees bent slightly, but not noticeably, as keeping your legs straight and locked can cut off blood circulation to the head and cause you to faint.


P - The purpose of this movement is to provide a base from which all other drill movements will be executed.
C - There are no counts involved in this movement.
W - This movement may be given from a halted position, at any position of rest, and when marching at route step or at ease.
C - The command typically given to execute this movement is "ATTENTION," preceded by a preparatory command that describes the formation to which the command is being given, such as "Platoon" or "Company" ex. "Platoon, ATTENTION." The command "FALL IN" also may be given, with the additional step of the cadet assuming their position in ranks before going to the position of attention.

Parade Rest

When the command "Parade, REST" is given, your left foot will move 12 inches directly to the left with both heels still remaining on line. At the same time as the left foot moves out, your hands will move and clasp behind your back with your palms facing out from the body and the right hand on top of the left hand. The left hand should be positioned on the small of the back and fingers should be fully extended, with the elbows in line with the body. You may not talk at this position.


P - The purpose of this movement is to provide rest from the position of attention while still maintaining military bearing and appearance i.e. no talking or looking/moving around.
C - There is one count in this movement.
W - This movement may only be given from the position of attention.
C - The command given to execute this movement is "Parade, REST" with "Parade" being the preparatory command and "REST" being the command of execution.

At Ease

When the command "AT EASE" is given, you must keep your right foot in place and you are allowed to move freely. You are not permitted to talk when at ease.

P - The purpose of this movement is to provide rest from the position of attention while keeping troops quiet so they can hear further instruction.
C - There is one count in this movement.
W - This command may only be given from the position of attenion.
C - The command given to execute this movement is "AT EASE", which is a combined command.

Rest

When the command "REST" is given, you must keep your right foot in place and you are allowed to move freely. You may talk when at rest.

P - The purpose of this movement is to provide rest from the position of attention while keeping troops organized and in place.
C - There is one count in this movement.
W - This command may only be given from the position of attenion.
C - The command given to execute this movement is "REST", which is a combined command.

Fall In/Fall Out

When the command "FALL IN" is given, you will quickly get into a platoon formation and once you are there you will go to the position of attention. When given "FALL OUT" you may leave your position in the formation you were in but remain close by to await further instruction.

Right (or Left) Face

When the command "Right, FACE" is given, you will lift your right toe and your left heel off the ground slightly. You will turn on your right heel and left toe to face towards the right of your previous position. Once facing the right, you will bring your left foot back in to your right to reassume the position of attention. When the command "Left, FACE" is given, the process is exactly the same but with foot placement reversed so that you turn to the left on your left heel and right toe.


P - The purpose of this movement is to get troops to face a new direction to either the left or right of their previous position.
C - There are two counts in this movement.
W - This command may only be given from the position of attention.
C - The command given to execute this movement is "Right, FACE" or "Left, FACE" with the "Right" or "Left" being the prepatory command and "FACE" being the command of execution.

About Face

When the command "About, FACE" is given, you will keep your left foot in place and move your right toe so that it is positioned slightly behind and to the left of your left foot. Once there, you will then turn to the right until you are facing the exact opposite direction you were in before the movement, coming up on your left heel to help you twist around until your heels come together again at a 45 degree angle.


P - The purpose of this movement is to get troops to turn around and face in the opposite direction.
C - There are two counts in this movement.
W - This command may only be given from the position of attention.
C - The command given for this movement is "About, FACE" with the "About" being the prepatory command and "FACE" being the command of execution.

Present Arms

When not under arms (meaning you are carrying a rifle, guidon, or sword) and the command "Present, ARMS" is given, you will bring your right arm up crisply so that your fingertips are right next to your right eyebrow. While there, your fingers should be together, your upper arm should be parallel to the deck and bent at the elbow in line with the body, and your elbow should be forming a 45 degree angle. When coming down from this position, the command is "Order, ARMS" to return back to the position of attention.


P - The purpose of this movement is to render respect and show courtsey to a military member or to the American flag (national colors).
C - There is one count in this movement.
W - This command may only be given from the position of attention.
C - The command given for this movement is "Present, ARMS" with "Present" being the prepatory command and "ARMS" being the command of execution.

Hand Salute

The command "Hand, SALUTE" is performed exactly the same as the command "Present, ARMS" when not under arms. The only difference is that the command given to come down from hand salute is "Ready, TWO."


The following commands concern marching and are not considered "in place" movements. The following describes the basics of how marching is to be performed:

Forward March/Quick Time March

When the command "Forward, MARCH" is given, you will step off on your left foot (taking the standard 30 inch step) and begin marching. This marching at regular cadence (112-120 steps) is also known as Quick Time March.

P - The purpose of this movement is to move troops from one location to another in an orderly fashion.
C - There are no counts in this movement.
W - This command may be given from the position of attention (halted position), mark time, double time, or half step.
C - The command given for this movement is "Forward, MARCH" with "Forward" being the prepatory command and "MARCH" being the command of execution.

Halt

When the command "HALT" is given, you will take an additional step after the foot the command of execution is called on and then cease marching by bringing the rear heel in to the other heel, resuming the position of attention i.e. if "HALT" is called on the right foot, you will take one more step forward with your left foot and then bring your right heel in to your left heel, forming a 45 degree angle as in the position of attention.

P - The purpose of this movement is to stop a unit that is marching.
C - There are two counts in this movement.
W - This command may be given from quick time, mark time, half-step, double time, side step, and back step.
C - This command is always preceded by a prepatory command that describes the unit being halted, such as "Squad," "Platoon," "Detail," etc. followed by "HALT" as the command of execution. For example, to halt a platoon the command given would be "Platoon, HALT."

To the Rear March

When the command "To the Rear, MARCH" is given, after "MARCH" you will take one step forward with the left foot and place all your weight on your toes, turning towards the right unil you have turned around completely. Then you will step forward on the left foot and continue marching in the opposite direction.

P - The purpose of this movement is to march the unit in the opposite direction for a short distance.
C - There are two counts in this movement.
W - This command may be given from the position of attention (halted position), quick time, or double time.
C - The command given for this movement is "To the Rear, MARCH" with "To the Rear" being the prepatory command and "MARCH" being the command of execution.

Column Right/Column Left March

When the command "Column Right, MARCH" is given, the base squad leader (the leader of the last squad on the right) will take a step forward with their left foot, pivoting 90 degrees on it to the right and stepping out with their right foot, taking a full 30-inch step. Then, they will begin half-stepping (15-inch steps) until the other squads catch up to them, at which point they will resume quicktime march (30-inch steps). The cadets behind the squad leader will catch up and pivot at the same point their squad leader pivoted, continuing behind them in the new direction of march. The squad leader to the left of the base squad leader will pivot 45 degrees on the command, take one step out with their right foot, then pivot 45 degrees again on their left foot, marching in the same direction as the base squad leader. They will continue taking full steps until they reach the base squad leader and if there are no more squads, regular quicktime marching will resume. If there is another squad, then the squad leader will begin taking half steps when they align to the base squad leader. If there are three or more squads, then every squad leader thereafter will take an additional two steps after their 45 degree pivot i.e. third squad leader pivots 45 degrees, takes 3 steps, and then pivots 45 degrees, and so on. Once the last squad has caught up to the other squads, they will all resume quicktime march.

For the command "Column Left, MARCH" the movements are the same with the exception of the pivots being to the left instead of to the right and the movement beginning with the squad leader the furthest to the left i.e. on the command "Column Left, MARCH" the leftmost squad leader pivots on their right foot 90 degrees and steps out with their left foot, taking a full 30-inch step, and then they beginning half-stepping.

P - The purpose of this movement is to change the direction of march of a column.
C - The counts in this movement will vary by squad.
W - This command may be given from quicktime march or the position of attention (halted position).
C - The command for this movement is either "Column Right, MARCH" or "Column Left, MARCH" with "Column Right"/"Column Left" being the prepatory command and "MARCH" being the command of execution.

By the Right/Left Flank March

When the command "By the Right Flank, MARCH" is given, all cadets in the formation will take a step out and pivot on their left foot 90 degrees to the right, stepping out with their right foot. They will continue marching with cadets aligning to the center of the formation until "By the Left Flank, MARCH" or halt is called. When the command "By the Left Flank, MARCH" is called, the movements are the same as they are for the right flank except everything is mirrored i.e. all cadets will take a step and pivot on their right foot, stepping out with their left foot to begin marching in the direction left of the formation before the movement was called.

P - The purpose of this movement is to move the entire unit to the right (left) for a short distance
C - There is one count in this movement.
W - This command may be given from quicktime march, double time, or the position of attention (halted position).
C - The command for this movement is either "By the Right Flank, MARCH" or "By the Left Flank, MARCH" with "By the Right Flank"/"By the Left Flank" being the prepatory command and "MARCH" being the command of execution.

Marktime March

When the command "Marktime, MARCH" is called, if you are marching you will take one more step forward and then bring your heels together just as you would for a halt. Then, you will bring up your left leg, with your toes approximately 2 inches and your heel approximately 4 inches from the deck. You will then bring your left leg down and repeat this for the right leg, alternating back in forth while in place at a quicktime cadence.

P - The purpose of this movement is to march in place at quick time cadence.
C - There are no counts in this movement.
W - This command may be given from quicktime march, half-step, double time, or the position of attention (halted position).
C - The command for this movement is "Marktime, MARCH" with "Marktime" being the prepatory command and "MARCH" being the command of execution.

Side Step March (Left/Right Step March)

When the command "Left Step, MARCH" is given, cadets will move their left foot 12 inches to the left and then move their right foot into their left. They will repeat this on cadence until a halt is called. The same thing is true for "Right Step, MARCH" except the direction of march is to the right i.e. cadets will step out with their right foot 12 inches and bring the left foot into it.

P - The purpose of this movement is to move the unit a short distance to the right or left.
C - There are no counts in this movement.
W - This command may be given only frmo the position of attention (halted position).
C - The command for this movement is "Left Step, MARCH" or "Right Step, MARCH" with "Left Step"/"Right Step" being the prepatory command and "MARCH" being the command of execution.

Back Step March

When the command "Backwards, MARCH" is given, you will start stepping backwards with your left foot, lifting your knees up as you step and taking 15 inch steps. You will continue marching backwards at quick time cadence until halt is called.

P - The purpose of this movement is to march the unit backwards for a short distance.
C - There are no counts in this movement.
W - This command may only be called from the position is attention (halted position).
C - The command for this movement is "Backwards, MARCH" with "Backwards" being the prepatory command and "MARCH" being the command of execution.

Double Time March

When the command "Double Time, MARCH" is given, you will take one more step up forward (if you are marching) and then begin marking at a double time cadence. While marching at double time, you will take 36 inch steps at 180 steps per minute. This movement is essentially "jogging while on cadence. "

P - The purpose of this movement is to march at 180 steps per minute while taking 36 inch steps.
C - There are no counts in this movement.
W - This command may be given from mark time, quick time, or the position of attention (halted position)
C - The command for this movement is "Double Time, MARCH" with "Double Time" being the prepatory command and "MARCH" being the command of execution.

Half Step March

When the command "Half Step, MARCH" is given, you will take one more step forward (if you are marching) and then begin taking 15 inch steps, bringing your knees up with each step. You will continue marching at the half step at quick time cadence until halt is called.

P - The purpose of this movement is to march forward at quick time while taking 15 inch steps.
C - There are no counts in this movement.
W - This command may be given from quick time or the position of attention (halted position).
C - The command for this movement is "Half Step, MARCH" with "Half Step" being the prepatory command and "MARCH" being the command of execution.

Manual of Arms

Manual of arms refers to the movements performed while carrying a rifle, which is also known as being under arms. NJROTC cadets execute these movements with various drill rifles, with the most common variants being the Daisy 1903 Springfield rifle and the M1 Grande rifle. Below are pictures of each rifle.




Order Arms

Order arms is the position of attention when under arms. While at order arms, you are at the position of attention with your right arm fully extended at your side grasping the rifle with a V-shape grip (rifle in between your thumb and fingers) on the upper hand guard. The rifle has the sling facing out from you and the toe of the butt is pushed up against your foot and is aligned with the toe of your shoe. You will also have your thumbs along the seam of your trousers.


From Port Arms/Present Arms: You move your right hand from the small of the stock to the upper hand guard, firmly grasping it. Then, you will bring the rifle down so that it is by your side and and 3 inches off the deck with the sling facing outward from your body with your left hand brought across your body, palm facing in towards you, and in front of the tip of the barrel. Then, you will bring the rifle straight down to the ground as you cut your salute and bring your left hand back to your side.



From Right Shoulder Arms: You will pop the rifle out of your shoulder without jerking so that the rifle is in front of your body as it is for Port with the exception of your right hand remaining on the butt of the rifle. From there the movement proceeds exactly as it would when coming down from Port to Order.


From Left Shoulder Arms: You will grab the rifle at the small of the stock with your right hand. Then you will bring the rifle out in front of your body to the position of Port Arms. From there the movement proceeds exactly as it would when coming down from Port to Order.


From Trail Arms: You will lower the rifle down to the ground and assume the position of Order Arms.

P - The purpose of this movement is to provide the position of attention while under arms.
C - There are no counts in this movement when called to attention, 1 count when coming from parade rest or trail arms, 3 counts when coming down from port arms or present arms, 4 counts when coming down from right shoulder arms, and 5 counts when coming down from left shoulder arms.
W - This command may be given from port arms, right shoulder arms, left shoulder arms, present arms, and trail arms. When given the command attention (which executes the same movement), it can be called from parade rest, at ease, or rest.
C - The command for this movement is either "Order, ARMS" or "(size of formation), ATTENTION" with "Order" or the size of the formation (i.e. "Platoon") being the prepatory command and "ARMS" or "ATTENTION" being the command of execution.

Parade Rest

When the command "Parade, REST" is given, you will move your left foot 12 inches to the left and bring your left hand palm facing outward to the small of your back just as you would do when performing Parade Rest without a rifle. As you are doing this, you will move your right hand up the rifle to the upper stacking swivel as you tilt the rifle away from your body and fully extend your arm.



P - The purpose of this movement is to come to parade rest while under arms.
C - There is one count in this movement.
W - This command may only be given from Order Arms/Position of Attention.
C - The command for this movement is "Parade, REST" with "Parade" being the prepatory command and "REST" being the command of execution.

At Ease

When the command "AT EASE" is given, you must keep your right foot in place and your rifle comes to the position it would be in for parade rest with your right hand softly grabbing it. You are not permitted to talk when at ease.

P - The purpose of this movement is to provide rest from the position of attention while keeping troops quiet so they can hear further instruction.
C - There is one count in this movement.
W - This command may only be given from Order Arms/Position of Attenion.
C - The command given to execute this movement is "AT EASE", which is a combined command.

Rest

When the command "REST" is given, you must keep your right foot in place and your rifle comes to the position it would be in for parade rest with your right hand softly grabbing it. You may talk at rest.

P - The purpose of this movement is to provide rest from the position of attention while keeping troops organized and in place.
C - There is one count in this movement.
W - This command may only be given from Order Arms/Position of Attenion.
C - The command given to execute this movement is "REST", which is a combined command.

Present Arms

When you are at Present Arms, you have the rifle out in front of your body with the sling facing outwards as it is for Order Arms. Your right hand is in the V-shape grip on the small of the stock and your left hand is gripping the balance point of the rifle, with the fingers together. Your left arm is parallel with the deck and your right arm is fully extended with the rifle 4 inches away from your body.


From Order: You will bring the rifle straight up in front of your body without turning the rifle and grab the balance point of the rifle with your left hand. Then you will bring your right hand down to the small of the stock with the V-shape grip, coming to Present Arms.


From Port: You will turn the rifle in your hands to face forward as you bring the rifle down in front of you in one movement, coming to Present Arms.


P - The purpose of this movement is to salute when under arms.
C - There is one count in this movement from Port Arms and two counts from Order Arms.
W - This command may be given from Order Arms and Port Arms.
C - The command for this movement is "Present, ARMS" with "Present" being the prepatory command and "ARMS" being the command of execution.

Trail Arms

When you are at Trail Arms, the rifle is raised 3 inches off of the ground from where it would be at Order Arms. This command is only given from Order Arms, and when it is given you will raise the rifle vertically 3 inches off of the ground and keep your wrist along the seam of your trousers. This movement is also automatically executed any time a facing or marching movement is given while under arms.


P - The purpose of this movement is to move the unit a short distance.
C - There is one count in this movement.
W - This command may only be given from Order Arms.
C - The command for this movement is "Trail, ARMS" with "Trail" being the prepatory command and "ARMS" being the command of execution.

Port Arms

When you are at Port Arms, you are carrying the rifle with your right hand on the small of the stock and your left hand on the balance point. Your rifle is at an angle that bisects where your left shoulder and neck joins, elbows are tucked into your sides, your right arm is bent so that it is parallel to the deck (ground), your fingers are closed together, and the rifle will be approximately a fist away from your body, at a distance of 4 inches.


From Order: You will grasp the rifle with your right hand as you bring it up diagonally in front of your body, with the barrel to the left of your body and at an angle that bisects where your left shoulder and neck join. As you are bringing it up with your right hand, you will come up with your left hand and grab the rifle on the balance point. Then, you will move your right hand from the upper hand guard to the small of the stock to complete the movement.


From Right Shoulder: You will pop the rifle out of your shoulder without jerking so that the rifle is in front of your body as it is for Port with the exception of your right hand remaining on the butt of the rifle. Then you will place your right hand on the small of the stock to come to Port Arms.


From Left Shoulder: You will grab the rifle at the small of the stock with your right hand. Then you will bring the rifle out in front of your body to the position of Port Arms.


From Inspection Arms (with the Daisy Drill Rifle): You will push the bolt forward and rotate the handle down locking the bolt in place, then release the grasp of the right hand and regrasp the small of the stock with the right forefinger on the trigger. On the command ARMS, pull the trigger and resume Port Arms

P - The purpose of this movement is to bring the rifle to a two-handed carry position.
C - There are two counts in this movement from Order Arms, Right Shoulder Arms, Left Shoulder Arms.
W - This command may be given from Order Arms, Right Shoulder Arms, Left Shoulder Arms, and Inspection Arms.
C - The command for this movement is "Port, ARMS" with "Port" being the prepatory command and "ARMS" being the command of execution.

Right Shoulder Arms

When you are at Right Shoulder Arms, you have the rifle against your right shoulder with the sling facing in and your right hand cupped on the butt of the rifle with your thumb and index finger above the toe of the butt and your remaining fingers wrapped around the bottom. Your right arm is parallel with the deck and the elbow is pulled in tight to the body. The rifle is at a 45 degree angle from the deck.


From Order: You will grasp the rifle with your right hand as you bring it up diagonally in front of your body similiar to how you would for Port Arms. Then, you will place your right hand on the butt of the rifle with the hand grip you will have for Right Shoulder Arms. Then, you will bring the rifle up and turn it in one fluid motion to bring the rifle into your right shoulder with the sling facing in and your right arm parallel to the ground, with your left hand brought across your body to cover the small of the stock similar to a rifle salute but with your palm faced in so as to not actually be performing a rifle salute. Then, you will bring your left hand smartly back down to your side.


From Port: You will place your right hand on the butt of the rifle with the hand grip you will have for Right Shoulder Arms. Then, you will bring the rifle up and turn it in one fluid motion to bring the rifle into your right shoulder with the sling facing in and your right arm parallel to the ground, with your left hand brought across your body to cover the small of the stock similar to a rifle salute but with your palm faced in so as to not actually be performing a rifle salute. Then, you will bring your left hand smartly back down to your side.


From Left Shoulder: You will grab the rifle at the small of the stock with your right hand. Then you will bring the rifle out in front of your body to the position of Port Arms. From there the movement continues exactly as it would when going from Port Arms to Right Shoulder Arms.


P - The purpose of this movement is to bring the rifle to a one-handed carry position on the right shoulder.
C - There are three counts in this movement from Port Arms, four counts from Order Arms, and five counts from Left Shoulder Arms.
W - This command may be given from Order Arms, Port Arms, and Left Shoulder Arms.
C - The command for this movement is "Right Shoulder, ARMS" with "Right Shoulder" being the prepatory command and "ARMS" being the command of execution.

Left Shoulder Arms

When you are at left shoulder arms, you have the rifle against your left shoulder with the sling facing in and your left hand cupped on the butt of the rifle with your thumb and index finger above the toe of the butt and your remaining fingers wrapped around the bottom. Your left arm is parallel with the deck and the elbow is pulled in tight to the body. The rifle is at a 45 degree angle from the deck.


From Order: You will grasp the rifle with your right hand as you bring it up diagonally in front of your body and then place your left hand on the small of the stock just as you would for Port Arms. Then, you will bring the rifle up and turn it in one fluid motion to bring the rifle into your left shoulder with the sling facing in and your left arm parallel to the ground, with your right hand still gripping the small of the stock. Then you will bring your right hand smartly back down to your side.


From Port: You will bring the rifle up and turn it in one fluid motion to bring the rifle into your left shoulder with the sling facing in and your left arm parallel to the ground, with your right hand still gripping the small of the stock. Then you will bring your right hand smartly back down to your side.


From Right Shoulder: You will pop the rifle out of your shoulder without jerking so that the rifle is in front of your body as it is for Port with the exception of your right hand remaining on the butt of the rifle. Then you will place your right hand on the small of the stock to come to Port Arms. Then, you will bring the rifle up and turn it in one fluid motion to bring the rifle into your left shoulder with the sling facing in and your left arm parallel to the ground, with your right hand still gripping the small of the stock. Then you will bring your right hand smartly back down to your side.


P - The purpose of this movement is to bring the rifle to a one-handed carry position on the left shoulder.
C - There are two counts in this movement from Port Arms and four counts from Order Arms and Right Shoulder Arms.
W - This command may be given from Order Arms, Port Arms, and Right Arms.
C - The command for this movement is "Left Shoulder, ARMS" with "Left Shoulder" being the prepatory command and "ARMS" being the command of execution.

Inspection Arms

Inspection Arms may only be given from Order Arms, and how you execute the movement depends on the rifle you are using.
M1 Grande Rifle: You will bring the rifle up just as you would for Port Arms. Then, you will look down at the cartridge chamber of the rifle. Following this, you will raise your head smartly back up to where it was to complete the movement.
Daisy 1903 Springfield Drill Rifle: You will bring the rifle up just as you would for Port Arms. Then, you will grab the bolt handle with your the thumb and forefinger of your right hand, rotate the handle to open the bolt, and draw the bolt back so it is opened up. Then, you will look down at the cartridge chamber of the rifle. Following this, you will raise your head smartly back up to where it was to complete the movement.

P - The purpose of this movement is to simulate the inspection of a rifle.
C - There are 4 counts in this movement when executed with a M1 Grande rifle and 5 counts when executed with a Daisy 1903 Springfield Drill Rifle.
W - This command may only be given from Order Arms.
C - The command for this movement is "Inspection, ARMS" with "Inspection" being the prepatory command and "ARMS" being the command of execution.

Rifle Salute

When you are rendering a rifle salute, the hand that is not holding the rifle is brought across the body to a specified point on the rifle with the palm facing down towards the ground, fingers together, and the hand parallel to the deck. To come down from a rifle salute the command is "Ready, TWO."
From Order: You will move your left arm smartly across your body and have the first joint of your forefinger touch the barrel just above the stacking swivel.


From Trail: This movement is performed exactly as it would be for Order Arms with the exception of the rifle being 3 inches off the ground.


From Right Shoulder: You will move your left arm smartly across your body and have the first joint of your forefinger touch the rear of the receiver.


From Left Shoulder: You will move your right arm smartly across your body and have the first joint of your forefinger touch the rear of the receiver.


P - The purpose of this movement is to render a salute to persons or colors when not in formation nor posted as a sentry.
C - There is one count in this movement.
W - This command may be given from Order Arms, Trail Arms, Right Shoulder Arms, and Left Shoulder Arms.
C - The command for this movement is "Rifle, SALUTE" with "Rifle" being the prepatory command and "SALUTE" being the command of execution.

Personnel Inspection

Personnel inspections are designed for more than just the simple inspection of cadets. They reinforce the important concepts of attention to detail, self-discipline, and taking pride in the uniform and organization. They provide a way for cadets that put forth serious effort to demonstrate what they know, and good inspections increase motivation and unit morale. The following outlines the procedures for conducting personnel inspection.

  1. The platoon commander will form up the platoon with the command "FALL IN."

  2. The platoon commander will then give the command "Open Ranks, MARCH." When the command is given, cadets in the 1st squad will take two steps forward, cadets in 2nd squad will take one step forward, cadets in 3rd squad will stand fast (take no steps), 4th squad will take two half-steps back, and 5th squad will take four half-steps back. Regardless of how many squads there are, the steps taken will be the same. Whenever cadets' heels come together to stop moving, they will automatically perform a dress right, dress (3rd squad performs dress right, dress as soon as the command for open ranks is given).

  3. The platoon commander will then move in the most direct manner over to first squad to check the alignment of the squad. If a cadet is not properly aligned to the squad leader, the platoon commander will address them by element to adjust them. For example, if the 4th cadet in the squad is too far back then the platoon commander would say "4th element up" until they were aligned, at which point the platoon commander would say "Steady." Once all the cadets in the squad have been checked, the platoon commander will say "First Squad, Steady" and then face left, taking two full size steps and then a half step to ensure that the 2nd squad is the proper 70 inch distance from the 1st squad. The platoon commander will then proceed to do the same for 2nd squad and so on until the alignment of all squads have been corrected.

  4. Once the alignment is correct, the platoon commander will march smartly up to a point three paces away from the first squad and face left. Then they will call "READY FRONT; COVER," take one pace forward so that they are in front of the guide (first rank in 1st squad), and face right. (In the classroom setting, the platoon commander will then proceed to inspect the platoon. At a competition or for a more formal inspection such as the Area Manager's Inspection, the platoon commander will give a salute and report in to an inspecting officer who will then inspect the platoon. In this case, the platoon commander will get inspected first and after their inspection will move ahead of the inspecting officer, always being in front of the cadet that will be inspected next by them.)

  5. The first rank in the 1st squad will be the first to be inspected. This is typically the guide but may be the 1st squad leader if there is no guide. When getting inspected the proper procedure is to state "Good morning sir/ma'am, Cadet (name) standing by for personnel inspection sir/ma'am" when the inspector faces you to begin your inspection. During the duration of your inspection it is important that you maintain military bearing and posture, and answer all questions the inspector may ask in a loud, confident voice. Knowledge questions from the PQS will be asked. If you do not know the answer to a question, respond with "This cadet does not know but will endeavor to find out sir/ma'am."

  6. When the first rank in 1st squad begins reporting in for their inspection, the squad leaders behind them will call their squads to "Parade, REST" or "AT EASE" in succession.

  7. Once the 1st squad has been inspected, the inspector will then make their way over to the 2nd squad. As they are moving toward them, the 2nd squad leader will come to attention first and then call "Squad, ATTENTION." As soon as the 2nd squad leader begins reporting in for their inspection, the 1st squad leader will call their squad to "Parade, REST" or "AT EASE."This continues for the remaining squads until the last squad has been inspected.

  8. The platoon commander will then march up from the rear of the platoon, with each squad leader calling their squad to attention as they past. The platoon commander will march to a point three paces from the 1st squad and then face left. They will then give the command "Close Ranks, MARCH." On the command, the 1st squad will stand fast (take no steps), 2nd squad will take one step up, 3rd squad will take two steps up, and so on for the remaining squads. There is NOT a dress right, dress in this movement. (If the inspector is not the platoon commander, then the platoon commander will give a salute and report out to the inspector).

  9. The platoon commander will then move in the most direct manner to be six paces away and centered on the platoon. They will then call "AT EASE" to signal the end of the inspection.